The effervescence in the textileindustry dates back to the end of the 19th century. In that time researchers started looking to overstep nature by creating artificial fibers. The first one was created by Joseph Swann and is called artificial silk. Following this evolution a fierce struggle then began, and led to the first real artificial textileindustry.
After World War II, the "Trente Glorieuses" were the golden age of chemistry in industrialized European countries. Then, this period signed the beginning of a new era with the resources optimization in the textile sector, followed by constantly changing technologies.
Thus, the ambition of this paper is to underline the main the main characteristics of the European textileindustry as follows: the threat of foreign new entrants (China), the perspective in terms of research and development and innovation, and the growing environmental dimension of the sector
In a first part we will see the characteristics of the European textileindustry, and then we will show the possible evolutions and perspectives of the sector.
Sommaire de l'analyse sectorielle
I. Specificities of the European textile industry
A. The European textile: a sector arrived at maturity?
B Non-environmental friendly industry
II. Perspectives for the European textile industry
A. The European textile: towards a reinvention of the sector through innovation
B. The innovative projects
C. The textile sector and sustainable development
Extraits de l'analyse sectorielle
[...] The textile industry would therefore be subjected to outsourcing, which would also greatly impact Europe's economic growth. Opportunities In order to counter those threats, the politics of the European Union is to push the concerned companies to adopt the following strategy: For instance, European companies ought to differentiate themselves by investing into research and development in order to efficiently differentiate themselves from their competitors on the long run while creating and developing innovative products with high added value towards the competitive advantage. [...]
[...] Thus, with the emerging concern for environmental, social, and ethical issues, companies are pushed on the path for an ecological textile industry. Consumers are increasingly structuring demand and therefore forcing the European Union to adapt to this new area by creating European directives and eco-labels. In spite of the progresses European industrials have made over the past years in the sector, there are still issues which need to be tackled down for the viability of sector. For instance, there ought to be mandatory labeling of products imported from countries outside of the European Union. [...]
[...] They can be found in treatment water. For the dying stage, lots of chemical products are used, and they will then be found in wastes. The European technology platform for the future of textiles and clothing unveils its strategic research agenda EURATEX, visited 02/10/2010. http://www.euratex.org/content/the-european-technology-platform-future-textiles-andclothing-unveils-its-strategic-research 1 THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY Jennifer KIRSZ Nelly MEUNIER Anne THIEBAUD The weaving process can necessitate synthesis products, in order to give the fabric the characteristics needed different touch, visual effect, sealing After the ennoblement process, the textile can be manufactured, distributed, used, cleaned, eliminated, or reevaluated. [...]
[...] Consulted on February http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/environment/waste_management/l28045_en.htm The European technology platform for the future of textiles and clothing unveils its strategic research agenda EURATEX, visited 02/10/2010. http://www.euratex.org/content/the-european-technology-platform-future-textiles-andclothing-unveils-its-strategic-research THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY Jennifer KIRSZ Nelly MEUNIER Anne THIEBAUD APPENDICES APPENDIX PERCENTAGE OF TURNOVER INVESTED IN INNOVATION 20 Source: ?Opportunities and Challenges for Financing Innovation in the European Textile and Clothing Industry NetFintex. [...]
[...] We can see that the textile goes further than simple clothes, decoration, etc . Today, through various European programs in research and development, we try to push ever further the applications of textiles, while meeting the specific market needs. It is therefore clear that, if Europe stands as a forerunner of the new textile technology and continues its research to that effect, then the sustainability of European industry will be assured THE TEXTILE INDUSTRY Jennifer KIRSZ Nelly MEUNIER Anne THIEBAUD C. [...]
À propos de l'auteur
Nelly M.EtudidanteÉconomie généraleThe textile industry