The reintegration of Child Soldiers in Sierra Leone
Résumé de l'exposé
The use of childsoldiers during the civil war in Sierra Leone.
Their difficult reintegration to civil life.
The different process of reintegration including the help of the regional and international organizations.
The special case of girl soldiers.
The measures still forgotten.
Sommaire de l'exposé
I) The post conflict, an important period for child soldiers
A. Traumas explained by a painful past
B.The different process of reintegration
II) Still waiting for more measures
A. The particular case of girl soldiers
B. An ambivalent outcome
Extraits de l'exposé
[...] The UN and NGOs conducted a reintegration, psychological assistance and programs such as ?Family Homes Movement?. Housing centers - as Caritas - offered educational standards to the children. Thanks to UNICEF's funds, children had the possibility to learn a job. In Sierra Leone, they essentially learnt manufacturing soap, welding, needle work, carpentry or weaving. However, these activities were criticized because they created a finished-product which offer is higher than the demand and represents a large investment in raw materials. Some former child soldiers took personal initiative and created educational centers. [...]
[...] The difficult reintegration of girls to civil life could be explained by their role during the war. Unlike the boys who were fighting, girls usually stayed at the camp and were rapped. However, rape and pregnancy outside wedding were unacceptable to the community. They were considered as spoiled and unclean. For a girl the first step for reintegration is to be respected and married. The camps did not help them. Unfortunately, it is very hard for pregnant girls or single mothers to start again a new life. [...]
[...] The resolution has a double aim: firstly it implies the necessity to protect women during conflicts and secondly to give women a more important place to during the peace processus. Besides, violent acts against women will be sanctioned. B. An ambivalent outcome Concerning the reintegration of child soldiers, even if the different programs were positive, the outcome is rather negative. The programs settled by international institutions and NGO had good results. Indeed, they allowed rejected child soldiers to have an education and a moral support. [...]
[...] The main problem of child soldiers is that they are both criminals and victims. Because of drugs and alcohols, they became dependant and were not given any medical care. Thus they continue to use violence to obtain the products. After the conflict, the often have health or psychological problems. Besides, those who return to their village are rejected. Because they have scars and tattoos representing rebellious groups, the villagers recognize them as child soldiers and refuse to have them back. [...]
[...] Nevertheless, if one of the child soldiers is wounded, he is left behind as he will slowdown the rest of the group. Children are mainly taught to handle weapons. Therefore they participate mostly in deadly activities such as plundering or killing. Among child soldiers, there is an elite called Lycaons, who participates in activities even more inhuman. For example, they chop off citizens' tips or practice cannibalisme. To make them accomplish these horrible acts, they are drugged with marijuana or hash and sometimes with a mixture of bullet powder and water. [...]
À propos de l'auteur
Fanny L.étudianteRelations internationalesThe reintegration of Child Soldiers in Sierra Leone