Why a subdue Public Administration to politics is not desirable? David H. Rosenbloom and Robert S. Kravchuk's textbook on Public Administration defined three general approaches to administrative theory and practice: the management one, the political one, and the legal one which emphasizes legalistic concerns. As the purpose of this essay is to study the relationships between politics and Public Administration, I will use the political approach. According to the traditional definition, Public Administration is supposed to execute politics' will. In Woodrow Wilson's words, it is "the government in action". From this brief definition, two things can be said: firstly, a clear dichotomy between politics and Public Administration exists. Secondly, politics is considered as superior to Public Administration: one could say that public administrators are the "servants" and the political actors, the masters. Indeed, politics take the decisions that the public administrators have to implement. But this superiority of politics can lead to a domination of Public Administration, this is what can be called a "complete subdue Public Administration". It implies strict obedience of Public Administration, inhibition, control, lack of liberty in bureaucrats' action and disciplinary measures if those restrictions are not respected. The purpose of this essay is to show why this kind of Public Administration is not desirable and why the balance of powers between Public Administration and politics should not be too asymmetric. It will be seen several "degrees" of domination: from "complete" subdue Public Administration to a more moderate one with the Weber's thought. For that, I will develop three main arguments: 1.The "primitive model" of a complete subdue PA is now outdated. 2.The Weber's model of a devoted but neutral PA is not totally satisfactory. 3.There are many benefits to more independence.
Sommaire du mémoire
I) Why is the "primitive" model of Public Administration outdated?
A. Definition of the "primitive" model: a complete subdue Public Administration.
B. The "primitive" model: now outdated.
II) Why Max Weber's model of Public Administration is not entirely satisfatory?
A. What is Max Weber's model?
B. Why it is not entirely satisfactory?
III) The benefits of more independence in the Public Administration
A. Which benefits?
B. Some suggestions for a better model of Public Administration
IV) But Public Administration must avoid some abuses
A. Public Administration must respect the procedural law and implement political decisions
B. The dangers of a science of administration
Extraits du mémoire
[...] Kravchuk's textbook on Public Administration defined three general approaches to administrative theory and practice: the management one, the political one, and the legal one which emphasizes legalistic concerns. As the purpose of this essay is to study the relationships between politics and Public Administration, I will use the political approach. According to the traditional definition, Public Administration is supposed to execute politics' will. In Woodrow Wilson's words, it is government in action?. From this brief definition, two things can be said: firstly, a clear dichotomy between politics and Public Administration exists. [...]
[...] Politics and administrators have specific and different roles: politics take decisions and bureaucracy implements. - He wants to avoid the abuses of the past by laying down the respect of the rules. Max Weber wants to develop what lawyers call the ?procedural which is at the very foundation of democratic government. Indeed, conversely, the absence of procedural guarantees leads to absolutism. - He thinks that Public Administration has a role in our democratic systems: it implements the political decisions with neutrality and efficiency. [...]
[...] Establishing a leadership of Public Administration Public Administration should be more visible for the citizens: through a leader, it could be easier. This leader would have, at least, two missions: - Giving media coverage to the evolutions/improvements/changes in Public Administration. It could avoid citizens to be lost, and to make them more familiar with administrations. Sometimes, people even ignore all the possibilities it can offer. - Besides, a leader could account for Public Administration's choices to politics as well as people. [...]
[...] Gives orders to Obey to Political function - The King Administrative function - The officers Political Process - Pursuit of general interest - Democratic legitimacy -Via negotiations, it leads to political decisions Public Administration - Must be neutral - Respects the rational rules - Must uses its skills to implement political decisions PA considered as a mere tool Max Weber's model: PA must be neutral and implement the political decisions. Politics is considered as superior to PA. The ?primitive model?: superiority of political power and strict obedience of the administrators. Public Administration - Legitimacy from its competence and efficiency. - Has a leader. - Implement the political orientations (traditional role) but can reject when it considers that policies are bad. In that case, Public Administration, through its leader, would have to explain its choices. [...]
[...] A leadership focus also plays an integrating role among various Human Resource Management components including recruitment and selection, training and development, performance management, public service ethics, and succession planning.? iv. But Public Administration must avoid some abuses 1. PA must respect the procedural law and implement political decisions More leeway does not exempt Public Administration from respecting the procedural law and implement political decisions. In France, the twentieth article of the Constitution of 1958 says: Government shall determine and conduct the policy of the Nation. It shall have at its disposal the civil service and the armed forces. [...]
À propos de l'auteur
Alice K.étudianteSciences politiquesPublic Administration and politics