Since about twenty years, the globalization has been characterized by the spreading of the multinationals, a huge development of worldwide networks, of international commerce, the explosion of the foreign direct investments' volume, the increase in power of the Asiatic countries in the global economy. Beyond those entire phenomenons, a statement: all the countries are not equal in front of the globalization. Indeed, some countries have benefited much more than others from the multiple globalizations' effects: some of them have created themselves a place in the global commerce owing to their specialization; others, as the industrialized countries, suffer from an increasing of their intern inequalities because of the law-salary countries' competition. By this fact, the globalization, trough the international exchanges' positive effects (finding their base in the international work's division), would be a factor od development and economic growth, but also a factor of inequalities increasing as well between the North and South countries as inside of the countries.
Sommaire du mémoire
The globalization as founding of the Western modernity and carrier of beneficial norms and rules
Factor of dynamism and economic progress
Universal norms and global governance
The globalization as factor of imbalances
The globalization make the inequalities increase
The conflicts of the globalization
Extraits du mémoire
[...] 30-48 John Tomlinson (1999) ?Globalization and Culture? in Globalization and Culture, Polity Press. pp. 1-31 Caroline Thomas (2005) ?Globalization and development in the South,? in John Ravenhill Global Political Economy, Oxford, OUP, pp.318-343 (COPY) Dollar, D. (2005) ?Globalization, Poverty, and Inequality since in: The World Bank Research Observer, 20(2):145-175. Stephen Hobden (2004) The Developing World in the Global Economy in Peter Burnell and Vicky Randall (eds) Politics in the Developing World, Oxford University Press. Pp. 28-40 Bruce R. Scott (2001) Great Divide in the Global Village?, Foreign Affairs (Jan./Feb) pp.160-77 Chang, H.J. [...]
[...] The particular histories individual, local, national - continue, reformed, but not erased, by the globalization. The old structures stays, as layers being superposed and mixed: families, cities, nations, States, cultures, religions The globalization offers to the humanity two extreme ways. Either the globalization gives the men the feeling to be locked down. Such a feeling would increase the fears, the frustrations, the wars, the man feeling deprived of any liberty, of any infinity. Either the globalization gives birth of the awareness of the human unity. The humanity enters into history. [...]
[...] Does the choc of globalization break the continuity of the Chinese History? Or on the contrary, will it provoke , in a near future, the return of the balance (closeness, xenophobia, restoring of an absolute authority? Concerning the Russia, with the collapse of the communism and the dissolution of the soviet Union, the Russia is a poor nation, which richness is looted by mafias. To benefit totally from the globalization, the Russia has to become ?like the others?, a democracy, a welcoming market economy for the foreign investments. [...]
[...] This instability has been so important that some countries such as Argentina have envisaged renouncing to their currency for the dollar. This problem has also touched the Europe between the institutions of the unique market, but the developed economies have the capacities to face such problems in contrary to the developing countries that are still fragile. The liberalization of the exchanges doesn't facilitate their development. The globalization makes appear some worldwide disparities at the richness level but also at the human indicators level such as the Index of Human Development. [...]
[...] At the dawn of the XXIe, one of the big conflicts of the globalization would oppose the Occident and the Islam. In fact, far from organizing itself in a struggle between two ideological-political blocks, it is a matter of an interweaving of conflicts in interaction. First of all, the Muslim societies stumble over their failure, their humiliation. None have succeeded in its economic and political development, the way chosen may be the one of a modern nationalism (from the Egypt of Nasser to the Iraq of Sadam Hussein) or the Islamism (Iran of Khomeini). [...]
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Elise b.etudiantePolitique économiqueIs the Negative Globalization on the Move?