Fidel Castro's communist regime during the Cold War
Résumé de l'étude de cas
During the Cold War emerged the communism in the island of Cuba with the takeover of a charismatic leader, Fidel Castro. After his «coup d'état» which has removed Batista, the former lawyer managed to impose his vision to Cuban people and to the world; despite American attempts to remove the Cuban communistregime.
How did Fidel Castro impose Cuban communism to Cuban people during the Cold War? We will see how Castro took the leadership of Cuba after removing Batista; then his international policy and the relations with the outside world and finally his policy in the island of Cuba and his popular image
1945. It's the end of the 2nd World War and the defeat of Nazism. The winners are the USSR, the USA, the United Kingdom, and France; but the end of the war sees the emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as the dominant powers in the world. However, since Potsdam (July 1945), the mistrust is growing between the two powers. As the relationship between the USA and the USSR deteriorates, the Cold War begins.
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Extraits de l'étude de cas
[...] How did Fidel Castro impose Cuban communism to Cuban people during the Cold War? We will see how Castro took the leadership of Cuba after removing Batista; then his international policy and the relations with the outside world and finally his policy in the island of Cuba and his popular image I / THE TAKEOVER (1945-1959) 1. The international context : tensions between the two blocks 1945. It's the end of the 2nd World War and the defeat of Nazism. [...]
[...] They took refuge in the Maestra Sierra where they organized a guerrilla against Batista's army. But Batista made a serious mistake by not pushing them back to the sea : he had said that nobody could survive in the Maestra Sierra, but Castro and his forces manage to do it. With the popular support, almost 800 men joined the Movement. This revolutionary movement was very popular besides in the United States, where Castro was introduced as a democratic hero. The Government of the United States, worried about the brutality of Batista's regime cancelled the American military aid brought to him and saw Castro as an alternative to Batista. [...]
[...] Despite the economic prosperity of the 1950's, opposition parties managed to promote social unrest instigating university students to plant bombs and kill civilians and militarians alike. Batista answered with a policy of repression. But his failed policies, the corruption, and his close relationship with the Havana mafia, saw a rise in general opposition to his regime from the rich and middle class Cubans. Moreover, some advocates also viewed Batista's presidency as unconstitutional and unacceptable because he was not elected. At the end of the 50's , the number of Batista's opponents were growing up rapidly. [...]
[...] In Castro's social policy, there are two important aspects : education and health. In Cuba, everyone has access to medicine and education. During a speech in autumn 1960 Fidel Castro announced that Cuba would be «the only country which would be able to say, after a few months, that there would be no illiterates in it». As a result, in 1961, the illiteracy rate had decreased from 20% to Popular image During Castro's era, he and his government exhibited many aspects commonly attributed to a cult of personality, despite attemps to discourage it. [...]
[...] Finally, Khrushchev agreed to remove the missiles in exchange for a US commitment not to invade Cuba and an understanding that the US would remove American missiles targetting the Soviet Union from Turkey and Italy. Other attacks During the Cold War, the USA caused a lot of secret attacks in Cuba in order to weaken the country and to make the Castro government fall. In 1971, an epidemic of African pig fever was imported by anti-castrist organizations supported by the CIA, which was revealed by the American press in 1977. [...]
À propos de l'auteur
Silvio C.étudiantSciences politiquesFidel Castro's communist regime during the Cold War