Description des particularités de la politique des pays Scandinaves
Résumé de la fiche
In order to describe the distinctive features of Scandinavian politics nowadays, I will present and analyse Scandinavian politics ; that is to say, I will try to expound not all but the main politics, and even a few governments in Scandinavia, and absolutely not Scandinavian values about nature, industry or international trade for example. That's why I will focus on Icelandic, Norwich, Swedish, Finnish and Danish politics. I will just expose and analyse particular points, which show the nearness between politics of these countries. But what are the particularities of these politics, compared to the United Kingdom or France ? What are the main distinctive features of Scandinavian Politics ?
Sommaire de la fiche
The voting system based itself on proportional representation and as a consequence, on multi-party systems
Minority governments are a feature of legislative-executive relations, in Denmark, Norway and Sweden
What about welfare rights as well as political liberties ?
Extraits de la fiche
[...] In Danish, Norwich and Swedish national assemblies, the specialist standing committees play a central part. Indeed, they emphasise the fact that the parliament has a role of expert, but between the roles of expert and partisan, the latter prevails if there is a conflict between the both. Political parties stay the dominant actors in Nordic parliament, which has to be really underline so important is their power. Political parties control the formation of governments for example and determine how the work of the national assemblies is conducted too. [...]
[...] But what are the particularities of these politics, compared to the United Kingdom or France ? What are the main distinctive features of Scandinavian Politics ? Without returning on particularities of the British and French systems, I have these both in mind before expounding the distinctive features of Scandinavian Politics today. In a first part, I am going to deal with the voting system. Then, in a second part, I will describe minority governments, which are a common point between Scandinavian states and very rare out there in western Europe. [...]
[...] It is really commonplace and parties are the relevant negotiating actors. As Anders Sannerstdt said : ?Negotiations between the political parties in the parliament are more common in the ?Nordic model? than in other types of democratic systems?. Parliamentary activities are directed toward decision-making and cabinet are secondary. In Nordic parliaments, there are strong standing committee systems and moreover a ?negotiating culture? exists. The Opposition can really participate to the deliberations. About these standing committees, I just want to notice that they have a central role. [...]
[...] To give some concrete examples, only one majority government has governed in Denmark since 1973. As regards Norway, only one majority cabinet has governed since 1971 and it was the three-party non-socialist coalition under the Conservative Willoch. Then, only of cabinet, between 1945 and 1998, were majority cabinet in Sweden and in this state, like in Norway were a turning-point. Thus, there are nowadays minority government in Norway as it was already the case from 1918 to 1940 and in Denmark like in Sweden. [...]
À propos de l'auteur
Valerie V.consultanteRelations internationalesDescription des particularités de la politique des pays Scandinaves