These days, France has attended mass protests concerning the issue of the acceptance of homosexual families. Indeed, on the one hand, there are proponents of gay marriage, and another anti gay marriage. The state is in the middle of this conflict, and seeks to pass legislation that could reconcile the two parties. We will discuss in this paper about the issues of homophobic discrimination, then about solutions that French state has made to promote the homosexual community.
The limits of homosexuality are not clearly defined. Homosexuality can be defined as an attraction between two people of the same sex. Since ancient times, homosexuality has always been considered as something abnormal or an illness. The world today want to be modern, but in France, some minds are stuck on tradition and religion. Homosexuality was consider in France as a crime until the French Revolution of 1789.
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Extraits de l'étude de cas
[...] Historically, homosexuals are forced into hiding. They are abused and teased. Population considers homosexuality as a problem, a shame. One discrimination is about business. Indeed, a gay man does not have access to the same career path as a heterosexual man. He would be disadvantaged, would not have the same opportunities for promotions, would have even lower wages compared to a heterosexual man. Conversely, homosexual women, often considered as women characters and without children, thus having less personal responsibility, would get important tasks and climb the social ladder faster. [...]
[...] In 1968, homosexuality is to recognized as a mental illness in France. In 1971 created the FHAR: Homosexual Front of Revolutionary Action In 1978, Francois Mitterand (French President in power) is against laws discriminating homosexuals. This is the beginning of an arrangement between the state and the homosexual population. In 1981: World Health Organization no longer consider homosexuality as mental illness. But it was not until 1990 that homosexuality is actually removed from the list. In 1999 : PACS creation (details later) In 2004 : First international day against homophobia. [...]
[...] Civil marriage between two persons of the same sex is prohibited in France. Adoption by homosexual couples is also prohibited. Consider a specific example to illustrate this case. Anne and Marie are a homosexual couple. They traveled to Spain to procreate thanks to artificially medicine. Anne gave birth in France, she is the legal mother of the child. Anne and Mary, who live together are recognized by the French government as a couple with a child. They therefore pay taxes corresponding to that status (excess than status single woman with a child). [...]
À propos de l'auteur
Chloé P.EtudianteSciences de l'éducationThe acceptance of homosexuality in France