Extrait: The model Anglo-Saxon is born simultaneously in Great Britain and in the USA in the 18th century. The GB is the first nation that is concerned with the Industrial Revolution. This nation, cut off in his little Island from one another, had had to search for new markets, for outlets.
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[...] The Anglo-Saxon model is obviously very complex and wide-ranging but it could be simplify in a few main ideas. Concerning the State, it has to be minimal faithfully to Adam Smith. The State has to intervene as an arbiter in the economy. Actually, the economy is understood as a market where meet offers and demanders. The law of offer and demand determines the prices and is considered as the best means to guarantee the (weighted) interests of the participants. These liberal theories forbid the State to distort concurrence with laws, norms, subventions etc. [...]
[...] For the one, in such a model the market tyranny rules the world and obliges workers to accept bad working conditions and low wages, in order to contempt the shareholders. For the others, it enlarges the gap of inequalities between the ?insiders? and the ?outsiders?. It's needless to say that less state has negative consequences, above all for the poorest. Even if the Anglo-Saxon model is said to be necessary to imitate, it's only an ideology that succeeded. There's no fatality, and the drifts it provokes that we can consider as unacceptable allow us to begin new reflections in order to propose alternative ways to the dominant model. [...]
[...] These children (the more intelligent) will after study in the more famous US universities that attract each year a lot of genius. The international institutions on the model of the IMF apply the principles of the Anglo-Saxon model with a great orthodoxy and contribute exporting it in a harder version than in the two countries. The success of the model leads to growing critics. Its exportation is often seen as an imperialism, which is reinforced with the US military interventionism. [...]