Document: American Revolution, exposé en anglais de 4 pages niveau terminale
Extrait: The United States were a British colony. So the British managed the economy, the trade, the politic of this country. The colonists were submittal to British. Between 1720 and 1790, the economy of the British colonies made spectacular great strides, stopped by the wars of succession of Austria and Seven years. The demographic growth and the American territorial expansion constituted the bases of its development.
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[...] In 1765, ?Stamp which creates an excuses tax on trade papers and the newspapers. Sharp dissatisfaction and protests of the merchants and the large growers, therefore those which dominate the colonial assemblies. Boycotting of the English goods and create ?Wire of Freedom? to resist arbitrary of the British sovereign. These problems has caused the Independence War. Thirdly, we speak the revolt with the Revolution. We can talk about the ?Boston Tea Party? because it marks the beginning of this war. [...]
[...] Colonies were established in North, Central and South America and in the Caribbean. The English were one of the most important colonizers of the Americas and their American Empire came to rival the Spanish American colonies in extent. Three types of colonies existed in the British Empire during the height of its power. These were charter colonies, proprietary colonies and royal colonies. There two million inhabitants in 1770 against four million inhabitants in 1790. Each colony was managed by a Governor often named by the King. [...]
[...] Richard Henry Lee, appointed of Virginia, the formation of an independent American federation proposes. A committee of five members chaired by Thomas JEFFERSON then prepared the Declaration of Independence adopted by the Congress on July The Declaration of Independence begins with these word: "When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the Powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation." The declaration severed political ties between Britain and America and provided an enduring statement of human rights: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness." In February the alliance of France with the United States. [...]