Why did Roosevelt's and Truman's foreign policies, especially with regards to the USSR and Germany, differ
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Document: Dissertation d'Histoire générale en langue anglaise: Why did Roosevelt's and Truman's foreignpolicies, especially with regards to the USSR and Germany, differ from one another? (11 pages)
Extrait: Wilson Miscamble's historical analysis From Roosevelt to Truman, written in 2006, and Peter Clavocoressi's World Politics 1945-2000, reviewed in 2005, are complementary works: Clavocoressi's evoking the historical backgrounds on a factual basis and Miscamble's the specific economic, political and sociological aspects of US foreign and internal policies leading to dramatic changes in the US-Soviet relations. The different purpose of these two works directly influenced their overall usefulness, as the weaknesses of one, were invariably compensated by the different nature of the other.
Miscamble is an author especially known for his outstanding works on twentieth century American politics which, combined with perceptive contextual assessments of particular individuals affecting world politics, achieves an exemplary in-depth analysis as to the impact individual personalities have on political and socioeconomic events. The reversal of US foreign politics in the post-war era could not have been thoroughly understandable without a solid background of Roosevelt's and Truman's differing personalities, which Miscamble explored at length. However, every author is invariably affected by bias. Miscamble, for example, born in 1953 (during the Cold War) possesses a distinctly western background (teaching at the university of Notre Dame) and will have been more favourable towards Truman (as the popular opinion of the time favoured Truman's containment policies). Therefore, having spent most of his academic years in the West, continuously in fear of communist expansionism, it might have influenced him to support Truman's policies more than Roosevelt's. However, from a periodic point of view, Miscamble is less likely to favour either Roosevelt or Truman, as the book was written in 2006, when the West's fear of communism had subsided. By not having experienced WWII and possessing a strong spiritual nature (he is a theologian as well as a historian), we can assume that he tried his utmost to stay politically and historically correct. His strong European education is an element of potential bias, but as his research is extremely extensive (the bibliography consists of 36 pages) it is probably minimal.
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[...] It would be inappropriate to judge either Roosevelt or Truman, as both reacted to given political situations to the best of their abilities and with the best interests of mankind at heart. They were different men, of different generations and backgrounds, and had therefore different ways of handling situations. But, thankfully, the US had a humanitarian president at a time when crimes against humanity had to be fought on a global level and a realistic one when it was time to face the reality that old allies had become the new threat to world peace. [...]
[...] US: Greenwood Biographies Fest, Joachim. Hitler- Eine Biographie. München: Ullstein Judt, Tony. Postwar- A History of Europe Since 1945. New York: Penguin Group Mann, Golo. Deutsche Geschichte des 19 und 20 Jahrhunderts. Frankfurt am Main: Büchergilde Gutenberg Miscamble, Wilson. From Roosevelt to Truman. [...]
[...] At Yalta he therefore demanded the complete dismantlement of the German army, as well as the partial one of heavy and war-related industries. He furthermore requested that Germany be kept under close political and economical control (through the decentralization of power) by the Allied forces to avoid Germany being in a position to begin another conflict. Lastly, reparations to all countries having suffered losses during WWII would be taken from the national wealth of Germany or compensated with labor forces. [...]
[...] The reversal of US foreign politics in the post-war era could not have been thoroughly understandable without a solid background of Roosevelt's and Truman's differing personalities, which Miscamble explored at length. However, every author is invariably affected by bias. Miscamble, for example, born in 1953 (during the Cold War) possesses a distinctly western background (teaching at the university of Notre Dame) and will have been more favourable towards Truman (as the popular opinion of the time favoured Truman's containment policies). [...]
[...] SECTION Miscamble's explores the differing approaches of Roosevelt and Truman towards world politics, with specific regards to their antagonistic Europe- policies, in his book From Roosevelt to Truman. He furthermore underlines the different personalities of the two presidents: Whilst Roosevelt was famed for his idealistic doctrines, Truman became known for his pragmatic realism. Miscramble, objectively, states that both administrations followed policies that ?were appropriate (to their time) and which protected American security and defended some good measure of democratic freedom in the world?. [...]
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DocsenstockHistoire contemporaine : XIXe, XXe et XXIeWhy did Roosevelt's and Truman's foreign policies, especially with regards to the USSR and Germany, differ