With the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the USSR, the advent of a « new global order » (G.H. Bush in 1990) was scheduled. But for a few years, the planet seems to be in a messy disorder : the political crisis (most of all in Middle-East), the dissemination of violence et the spread of insecurity generate worry in the western world and feed a gloomy outlook of future. The international system where we now live is far different from the past ones : new hierarchy of world powers, assertion of new actors, state-controlled or not, heavy reviews of the international institutions Are these arguments a reason to evoke a "new globaldisorder" ? Studying this issue, I have asked myself two unsophisticated questions: why new? and why disorder? 1. Why "new" ? -The past orders By the past, many orders have regulated the world. Let's see them : - The Westphalian Order In 1648, le treaty of Westphalia put an end to the Thirty Years' War, a religious and politic conflict between two coalitions lead by England and by the Holy Roman Empire. This treaty initiate a new order in Europe, based on the sovereignty of the Nation states, which emerge during the War. The study of the peace of Westphalia seems essential to study the current international scene. Indeed, the Westphalia Order shape the modern Europe, that is to say a juxtaposition of world powers.
The Westphalien order disappear with WWI
Sommaire de l'exposé
1- Why "new" ?
A ) The past orders
B) The surge of new actors nowadays
2- Why "disorder" ?
A) The rogue States
B) Terrorism and Hyper-terrorism
C) The reviews of the international institutions
À propos de l'auteur
HAAS F.Histoire moderne : Renaissance à XIXeThe New Global Disorder ?