Les conséquences de l'Acte de Tolérance en Angleterre
Résumé du commentaire de texte
The two texts under consideration both deal with the consequences of Toleration, a remarkable transformation introduced in England during the 17th century. The first excerpt represents an Anglican negative view of Toleration, written by the Archdeacon of Norwich in 1691 and the second one a positive view of the plurality of religions written by a famous French author, François de la Rochefoucauld, in 1784.
After the break with Rome under Henry VIII that led to the creation of the Church of England and its new Protestant Identity, multiple religious strands have struggled in order to dominate the established Church. This diversity of affiliations created situations of persecutions and violent repressions, especially during the age of Cromwell who for example ordered the massacre of hundreds of Catholics at Drogheda in 1649.
Sommaire du commentaire de texte
Situations of persecutions and violent repressions
The negative view of toleration
The French view of religious life in England
The Toleration Act
Extraits du commentaire de texte
[...] O., Key N., Early Modern England, 1485-1714: A Narrative History, (Blackwell Publishing, 2004) Hoppit J., A Land of Liberty?: England 1689-1727, (Oxford University Press, 2002), p Morgan K.O. The Oxford Illustrated History of Britain, (Oxford, 1984), p Bucholz R. O., Key N., Early Modern England, 1485-1714, (Blackwell Publishing, 2004), p J. Morrill The Oxford Illustrated History of Tudor and Stuart Britain (Oxford, 1996) p McLeod H., Secularisation in Western Europe, 1848-1914, (Palgrave Macmillan, 2000) Morgan K.O. p Hoppit J., p Ibid. [...]
[...] According to La Rochefoucauld, religions are tolerated in England not by law, but in fact?. For him, facto? all the religions coexisted peace? as for example the different sects? in Bury. However, he notices two important distinctions. First, only the established Protestant religion had the right to ?make itself heard? by practising in public or by ringing church bells. Indeed, the Church of England still had some advantages. Secondly, he points out the exclusion of Catholics from this legalization, referring to the Clarendon Code. [...]
[...] Moreover, he refers to the worrying collapse of church attendance that occurred at the time. Indeed, it appears that fewer people attended Sunday Services: Toleration Act freed not only Dissenters from having to do so but also the skeptical, the lazy, or the just plain sleepy?. The Archdeacon also points out the fact that people, instead of going to church, will attend irreligious activities such as going to the alehouse, or even ?playing football on the Sabbath?, as Mark Goldie observes. However, the fact that people have irreligious activities does not necessarily means that they became irreligious and as Hugh McLeod explains, it may rather introduce a ?more casual modern attitude to church attendance?. [...]
À propos de l'auteur
Lauren B.EtudianteHistoire moderne : Renaissance à XIXeLes conséquences de l'Acte de Tolérance en Angleterre