L'intégration européenne menace-t-elle la souveraineté anglaise ou du moins sa position exceptionnelle ?
Résumé du TD
L'intégration europénne est, a contrario de la coopération européenne, un mécanisme qui opère un transfert de compétences des Etats membres vers l'Union Européenne, provoquant de vives et hostiles réactions nationalistes. Vu la position particulière de l'Angleterre dans l'organisation internationale, on peut se demander si ce processus n'est pas un danger pour la souveraineté ou du moins à l'encontre de sa position exceptionnelle.
Sommaire du TD
I) European integration as a threat to UK sovereignty
A. An inherent threat
B. The complete obedience to the European Union law
II) How UK rises against sovereingty infringements
A. The power of the state's will, of the state's consent
B. European Union Bill : how UK risks it all
Extraits du TD
[...] UK manages to ensure its positions are respected by the others member states, but there is more and more constraints to play with, and the Court of Justice of the European Union oversees its behaviour. The complete obedience to the European Union law Carl Gardner, a barrister, explained that Parliaments can make or unmake any law. That power only concerns national laws, the european ones can't be abrogated by a member state. If they could, it would mean no common regulation. It would mean the death of the common market because each state would try to favour its own companies. [...]
[...] Is European integration a threat to UK sovereignty or rather to UK's exceptional (political, legal, cultural) position? Since the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), founded by six european states, Europe always progressed to a more integrated system. At the beginning, the states wanted to maintain great relations between them, to avoid war. UK wasn't forming part of the ECSC. Cooperation was perfectly adapted to that period : leaving the states, weakened and humiliated by the Second World War, ruling their people and their territories. [...]
[...] Furthermore, since 1952, the European Communities and now the European Union has developed relations in several fields. The integration reduces the options for the state and concerns more and more domains. European Union created a single economic market for all its members, by the Maastricht Treaty in 1992. Then, some states gave up their money and adopted a single currency in the Eurozone since 1999. UK refuses to participate. European Communities also instituted a Free Trade Area, abolishing borders within European Union. [...]
À propos de l'auteur
Rudi F.étudiantDroit européenL'intégration européenne menace-t-elle la souveraineté anglaise ou du moins sa position exceptionnelle ?