Today our world is changing, it is becoming more and more global. In this context of globalization, cultural differences are becoming more and more important.
Cultural diversity is now an asset for the company. In fact, it allows companies to a better adaptation, but also to innovate and better respond to the complexity of the environment. However, diversity can lead to certain risks such as misunderstanding, failure, conflict ... But, companies must take into account these risks if they want to survive in this competitive world. To do so, companies have to understand these risks and implement an effective interculturalmanagement.
To do this we must ask, at the same time, about its own culture and the culture of the others.
My year in the United States, especially in the CIBU Business University California at San Diego, has allowed me to ask me questions about cultural differences between France and the United States. I chose to study the most noticeable cultural difference for me: the education system.
Indeed, I have discovered throughout my stay the American educational system. It seemed interesting to compare it with our own system, the french system.
This institution, the education system is considered a primary institution. However, as we can observe throughout this study, it has many impacts on secondary institution, which is the company. We can then ask ourselves the question: how an educational system can have impacts in terms of management? And what are those impacts?
We will be performing in a first step, a comparative analysis of French and American educational systems. This comparison will be presented from a theoretical point of view but also from a practical point of view through my own observations. Then in the second part, we will highlight the different impacts of this institutional difference on the contemporary management.
Sommaire de l'étude de cas
I) Comparative Analysis of French and American educational systems
A. The major theoretical principles of these two distinct systems
B. California International Business University versus ISEG Bordeaux : personal observation
II) The impact of the different educational system on the management
Extraits de l'étude de cas
[...] It is those in which the intercultural management works . This new mode of management becomes essential in the process of internationalization. We French can not stay closed, with our "blinders" on our culture and our country. We must open ourselves so that our businesses survive and in order to capture the opportunities that other countries offer, like the United States . But as we have observed previously, is education, in large part, that we "formats" the culture of a country. [...]
[...] The American manager performs a task at a time. Besides, he can focus only on it. Its relationships are exclusively focused on the execution of the task. And finally, it provides a methodical work at a fast pace . Finally, it is important to note that we find each values, developed by French and American educational systems in their own businesses. The education system is therefore a vector of culture as a whole. Each observed value in the education system is reflected in the companies . [...]
[...] To do so, companies have to understand these risks and implement an effective intercultural management . To do this we must ask, at the same time, about its own culture and the culture of the others . My year in the United States, especially in the CIBU Business University California at San Diego, has allowed me to ask me questions about cultural differences between France and the United States. I chose to study the most noticeable cultural difference for me: the education system . [...]
[...] From the earliest days of my classes at San Diego, I have observed many differences in the American education system compared to the French system. In fact, during this one?year stay in the California International Business Univertity, I discovered a new way of thinking, teaching and discussion . I have observed a significant difference in the behavior of teachers and in their teaching. Indeed, the lessons were interactive and interesting. Teachers prepare their lessons carefully and do not need notes. The conduct of the course is like a story, with anecdotes. [...]
[...] university has international recognition. American students are often more motivated than French students . All these factors and aspects that I observed during that stay within the CIBU show how the educational systems of both countries are different . We were able to see, through this first part, that schools in both countries transmits values. The school sets for all moral rules of behavior and conduct. The school is a vector of culture and we can say that it will have numerous impacts on the future lives of individuals and therefore in the business. [...]